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Is Morality Subjective? | Sexuality Defined

After spending a quiet atramentous annual the book of Poverbs in the Christian Bible, I began to ask myself— “Is it actually astute to reside up to these guidelines?” The next morning, I began to read, “The Prince”, by Niccolo Machiavelli who seems to accede that chastity is subjective. Association has categorical these annual in our hearts that murder, lying, cheating, and burglary are amiss or undesirable. Not abounding would disagree, and neither would Niccolo Machiavelli, however, does our association actually convenance what it preaches?

“Treat your acquaintance as you would amusement yourself.”- Bible

“Beat out the antagonism at any cost!” – Your mother and father

We are aloft with a duality in society. During our aboriginal years, we are absolute with a faculty of chastity that is so atramentous and white, yet as we access our developed years, we bound apprehend that a lot of humans would set abreast their moral ethics if it would annual them, abnormally in acute adaptation situations.

While it may be abysmal to abduct a loaf of aliment while your coffer annual is full, your apperception may adapt or absolve this activity if you were a individual ancestor who had no money at all. You may acquisition the act of annihilation amiss until you ascertain that your brother or sister had been raped or murdered. Aloft acquirements of this, you go into a arduous acerbity yourself!

“No sex afore marriage”, is what your parents will say, yet if asked of them, their faces become red with embarrassment, because they themselves did not acceptable chase this rule. Afterwards all, men and women were actually advised to beget with one another. Our opposing ballocks is biological affirmation of this design, whether it be through change or able design.

When we dig a bit added into this conversation, al of a sudden our world-view begins to blast downwards. Is annihilation sacred? Are their no rules? Is it all just figments of acuteness imposed on us through advisedly tradition? Or were such rules developed out of balloon and error, a austere admonishing from our ancestors who had already accomplished the tribulations of hedonism.

I anticipate the acknowledgment lies about in the middle. We are a humans of justification. Our cloister systems reflect this. To annihilation anyone out of affected acerbity is advised a “1st amount murder.”. Whereas, if we accidentally murdered anyone because of some acute circumstance, it would be classified as “involuntary manslaughter”. Afresh there is petty theft, afresh there is admirable larceny. So even the act of burglary has altered categories.

In the acknowledged system, we abstracted an angry act into two categories. “Mens rea” and “actus rea”. The “Actus Rea”- is latin for, – “The activity that has taken place”. So, if I were to shoot anyone in the chest with a firearm which advance to their death, this book would be labeled as the “actus reas”. The catchy allotment comes in if we anatomize the “mens rea”. –Latin for, “The brainy status”.

If I were to shoot anyone in the chest with a firearm and annihilate them, it would assuredly be a murder. However, the “mens rea” (the motivation- brainy state), abaft the killing would actuate my judgement. If the annihilation was planned, calculated, and performed with a bright mind, the annihilation would be advised “unjustifiable”. Let’s say that I came home from plan and witnessed my wife assuming a animal act on addition man on my bed, and afterwards thinking, I best up an article and addled the man in the arch out of anger, accidentally killing the man.

In this situation, the “Mens Rea”, (mental state), was not stable, clear, sane, or able to activity properly. Depending on the board and the judge, I may be exonerated, accustomed probation, or answerable with a felony, it all depends on added data surrounding the story.

When it comes to morality, I accept our association board our activity in the aforementioned way. If a man got bound up in bastille for 10 years, and aloft release, apparent that his wife had an activity while he was incarcerated, she may absolve her activity by saying, “You were gone for so long, thus, I had needs.” Even admitting her activity is still wrong, there is some absolution to her misdeed. Or, if a abandoned getting blanket a loaf of bread, the getting would still be advised a thief, yet association would accept some accord for them.

Mercy and absolution are usually accustomed to these types of humans who acquisition themselves in different positions that claiming their morals. However, it is if those humans who murder, rape, steal, and appropriate with a bright and abridged motive,without justification, that association removes itself from its own chastity to abuse the amateur with agnate actions. In the Bible, this is accepted as the “An eye for eye” principle. Cold blooded murderers are about executed, In cases area there is bright affirmation of advancing rape– rapists accept about been castrated. Thieves who blanket just because they were too apathetic to plan about had their easily cut off. These accomplishments appearance that affable men are accommodating to be just as agitated as their perpetrators. So abundant for axis the added cheek! This is why the abstraction of the afterlife amends is awful debated.

For this and abounding added reasons, chastity is awful debated. However, it is universally agreed aloft that “harm meets harm.” If you could cause anyone affliction afterwards bright justification, it will be affected that some arrangement of backfire will be brought aback adjoin you. Chastity is no so abundant of a airy abstraction added than it is a survivalist concept.

Morality aswell works in the positive. If we do nice things for people, generally, affable things are alternate to us. Whether it be a allowance in return, a acknowledge you, a handshake, or a balmy embrace by way of hugging! Chastity is something is learned, not alone through counterfeit or religious laws, but aswell through acknowledgment of accustomed law. “This begets that”. “Cause and effect.”

So, there are affluence of affidavit to advance amicableness into the world. There are religious reasons, (Buddhism, Christianity speaks aloft this), there are accustomed reasons, and there are bread-and-butter reasons. Studies appearance that companies who accord aback to association are not alone added trusted but they aswell annual from the tax write-offs! Killing your adversary or abasing him may be a quicker way to win a concise battle, but it may abet added enemies to appear adjoin appropriately consistent you in accident the abiding war.

Take the adventure of Chinese General, Yue Fei. His accomplishments was so pure, chargeless of scandals or skeletons in his closet, that his enemies were affected to adulteration his aliment in adjustment to get rid of his presence. It was absurd to assemble false-charges adjoin him because his acceptability was so authentic and trusted. However, even afterwards he was poisoned, the accuracy eventually came out which brought abundant abasement adjoin the abyss and their families.

Keeping your acceptability apple-pie is acute in this world. Once you advance a acceptability for getting a liar, a cheater, a thief, a killer, — it will yield abundant plan to about-face such a reputation. Our thoughts announce our words, and our words announce our actions. Afresh again, abounding innocent men and women accept been unfairly condemned. Jesus Christ getting the best example. His alone abomination was his claiming to the accompaniment and their authority. He had no abandon or acerbity in his words or actions. Yet, in a apple disqualified by an bread-and-butter aristocratic accumulated with a all-inclusive arrangement of biased laws, sometimes the angelic man can be adapted into a allegedly angry man by way of statute and law!

In conclusion, chastity cannot be actually summed up by adoration or man fabricated courts. At the end of the day, it is alone YOU would can attending into the mirror and say, “I try to be a acceptable getting while actual the canicule fight.” Actual in this banal apparent Earthy actuality sometimes requires us to abate our values, yet you had bigger be justified in accomplishing so! The fast aliment artisan who serves ailing aliment to the public. The soldier who is affected to kill. The advocate who dedicated a accusable man. We all face times in our lives were we accept to catechism our ethics or are affected to go adjoin them.

So, what does it beggarly to be a “Good person” or an “evil person”. A acceptable getting tries to reside in a such a way area his needs are taken affliction of area he will not acquisition himself in a position of accepting to be an “evil person” just to survive. If the acceptable getting is affected to accommodation his ethics in adjustment to survive, he will actually accept answerability in his affection and ask for forgiveness. The Acceptable getting may accomplish an “evil act” but alone if he is larboard no added option. He considers his approaching as able-bodied as the humans about him.

The angry getting will abduct even if his wallet is full. He will annihilate just because it satisfies his claret lust. He will allow in chancy animal behavior just because he thinks it feels good. He will lie just because it takes beneath time than answer the accomplished story. The angry getting has actually no advisedly about his behavior so continued as he/she is benefiting or adequate himself. Humans are not animal beings, but rather they are “play things” for his or her own entertainment.

Morality isn’t atramentous and white, but there is a accepted rule. “If you can’t argue 90 out of 100 humans from assorted religious or cultural backgrounds that your accomplishments are noble, afresh they apparently arent!” Watch any attributes appearance on television. Even animals will rarely annihilate for sport, and if they do, backfire is about met.

“Do acceptable and accept good.”

“Do angry and accept evil.”

“Do annihilation and accept nothing.”

Perhaps it is the art of “non-doing” or “non-existence” in society, that is the a lot of blue-blooded aisle of all. The aisle of the hermit, the ascetic, or monk. Be a monk, appointment the city-limits on occasion, and acknowledgment to solitude! Sometimes, abnormally those who appear from poor backgrounds, get so acceptable at alone surviving, that the abstraction of peace, stability, and accord becomes a adopted affect to them. Hence why abounding humans in low-income areas about-face to biologic ambidextrous and annexation to abutment themselves, yet do not apperceive if to stop even as their accumulation margins ability into the millions. (See Ricky Ross.)

What do you guys think? Is chastity cold or subjective? How do you ascertain a acceptable getting vs an angry person? How do you accommodate purist behavior with pragmatism?

| Sexuality Defined

Web Directories – Performance, Purpose, Problems – A General Guide to Web Directories

The path to building a successful web directory is far from a simple task. It requires a certain amount of devotion to take a web directory script and transform it into a heavily used directory. Web directories contain more complexities than meets the eye, and I have learned first hand that the development of a quality web directory is no walk in the park. But a good web directory is worth its weight in gold, for both webmasters & internet surfers alike. Let us enter the world of web directories.A web directory acts much like a search engine, but on a much smaller scale. Web directories are essentially a categorized index of websites that have been submitted by website owners. Directories normally have search features, allowing users to search through the entire index, just like a search engine. The main differences between a directory and a search engine is that very few directories contain the amount of links that a search engine does. Search engines also collect data from websites, which is used to categorize and rank them. Directories lack the ability to “crawl”, or exam websites as search engines due, therefore the only information a directory contains on a particular website is the information that was submitted by the website owner. Most directories use meta tags and keywords to search for websites, where as search engines use complex algorithms that take into consideration much more than meta tags (the value of meta tags in search engines has actually declined). Web directories are not the most popular internet search tools because huge search engines like Google and Yahoo are much more convenient to use and contain a vast amount of resources available to be searched. The largest and most popular web directory is the Open Directory Project (DMOZ), whose links are indexed by Google, Yahoo, and the majority of other search engines. Google and Yahoo both have their own web directories as well. Though independently owned web directories may not be so popular for internet searchers, they do have their benefits for webmasters & surfers alike.Web directories can have several purposes, it all depends on what the administration’s intended goals are. Some web directories are purely advertising hot spots, while others focus on driving targeted traffic to the directory. Some directories are free, some paid, others both. Directories can have broad topics, or specific topics. Lets start with the different types of web directories.First, we have what is commonly referred to as a “niche” directory. Niche directories have a specific topic, or niche, and the links found within the directory reflect that. Examples of a niche would be automotive directories, sports directories, shopping directories, web promotion directories, etc. Niche directories are most beneficial to internet *searchers; they have a specific topic and therefore *surfers and *searchers have a better chance of finding what they want. In a human edited niche directory, you are very unlikely to find spam sites as well.We will label the next kind of web directory as a “Free for All” directory. Free for all directories have no specific topic. They are very broad in their category selection and links are usually hidden behind several sub-categories. Free for all websites can benefit webmasters so long as the “no follow” tag is not applied (page rank increase), however it is in your best interest to avoid free for all directories for several reasons. Using a free for all directory to search for a website is more likely than not going to require you to sort through heaps of spam. A lot of free for all directories are not human edited due to the massive amount of link requests they receive, and websites are not carefully examined before being approved into the directory. The link quality of some free for all directories is extremely poor. Also, a lot of free for all directories extract data from other directories; how original. No sense in supporting the lack of creativity or devotion in such web directories. Despite a flood of low quality free for all directories, there are some very good ones available. A well organized, human edited (human edited = higher quality links) free for all directory is a great place to search for websites. It also serves webmasters with increased website exposure and if they are lucky, the directory is indexed by Google and other search engines, therefore improving its ranking on search engine result pages.

The final type of web directories that will be examined are the poorest quality ones. Often referred to as “link farms” these directories are not human edited, due to contain high quality links, lack organization and unique features, and more often than not they become blacklisted from the major search engines. Searching these type of web directories is useless, and it’s highly recommended that you do not support such sites. Furthermore, if you are a webmaster, submitting your website to link farms will substantially decrease your popularity amongst search engines. These directories due more harm then good, and consequently give other directories a bad name.Whether you are submitting a website or searching for one, you will achieve the best results with a high quality niche directory. Webmasters, here are the common submission options for most web directories: Free submission: Submit your website to the directory for free. Simply fill out the form and wait for approval. A “no follow” tag is often placed on free submissions. Regular Submission: A small fee is usually necessary for regular submissions. Regular submissions can sometimes use the “no follow” tag. The main benefit is that submission approval times are significantly faster for regular submissions. Reciprocal Submissions: Free submissions that require a reciprocal link of the web directory to be placed onto the website you are submitting. Reciprocal submissions sometimes use “no follow’ tags, but often do not. Cost is free with reciprocal submissions. Featured Submissions: Paid submissions that grant you premium listing (websites listed in special section of category, generally above regular links), fast submission approval, and paid submissions do not place “no follow” tags on your links, meaning you gain a back link for search engine ranking benefits. Featured and regular submission fees are generally charged per year, and prices vary depending on the directory and the traffic it receives.Web directories have benefits for both webmasters and internet users. For webmasters, web directories main benefit is website exposure. Webmasters submit their websites to directories to increase their exposure. Not only can they receive traffic from people using the directory, but they can also benefit from a back link; a link to their website indexed by Google. Google ranks pages in several ways, but back links is one of the most important. A quality back link to your website increases your Google page rank. Enough quality directory back links, and your on your way to the top spot in Google search results. Bottom line: Web directories can increase your websites exposure by sending targeted traffic your way. For people using web directories as a search tool, web directories can offer you a big advantage over search engines. Search engine indexing is a big contest between website owners and therefore a lot of high quality content gets left out of the search engine result pages. Top results often go to corporations, big business, or highly devoted marketers. What about the little enthusiast and personal websites that contain valuable knowledge otherwise unavailable on the web?Well, a lot of these quality content websites can be found in web directories. If you are having trouble finding what your looking for in search engines, try searching for a niche directory and I bet you will find what your looking for. Furthermore, using web directories supports smaller businesses and helps the little guy out. Not everyone has the time or money to spend on internet marketing or website promotion, and web directories are a great way for these small websites to gain some exposure. Big search engines have monopolized the internet search market, and it makes the relationship between big search engines and website owners way to critical. Google doesn’t like you, and your sales drop 75 %. Now that does not seem right, does it? If more people frequented web directories, directory owners would gain a larger slice of the search engine market.There is a large number of web directories on the internet today that have been blacklisted by Google. It is best to avoid these directories at all costs; having your link listed there will most likely negatively affect your search engine rankings. But how do you know which directories to submit your URL to and which ones to avoid? These guidelines in rating web directories may help:1. Organization- Web Directories should be well organized and categorized.- Categories should be, neither, too broad nor too narrow. Category organization is important, but a directories search feature holds more value for finding links.- Links should be easily accessible.- Links should be posted into the correct category. If they are not, this is a sign of automated link approval, which should never be used in a directory. (Even the largest, most powerful of web directories are human edited).

- Poor quality and spam links should not be accepted into any decent web directory.2. Advertisements- A quality directory should contain a free submission option, so it is necessary for directories to offer sponsored listings and sale advertisement space. However, the page should not be cluttered with ads. This is a sign that the directory administration is too focused on making a quick buck than enhancing the internet experience.- If the directory has a specific topic, or niche, than the advertisements should pertain to that topic. Off topic and irrelevant ads do not belong on niche directories.3. Page Rank (PR)- Rumor has it that it’s possible to fake some page rank indicators. Make sure your page rank comes from a reliable source when examining the PR of a web directory.- Page rank is important factor in website popularity. However, directories that boast high page ranks, or have their page rank in the directory name or slogan typically use the page rank factor to compensate for their downfalls. It’s like bragging…and you want a modest web directory. Find a directory that shares and uses their page rank to the benefit of directory users, not a directory that clearly lacks in features but boasts a high PR.- Directories that display website links within a category in descending order of PR are less desirable than those that display links based on popularity (unique hits). Most desirable first, not highest PR; very beneficial to new websites attempting to build initial PR.4. No Follow Tag- A web directory that uses “no follow” tags on all links is useless.- “no follow” tags are acceptable on free submissions. Reciprocal & featured submissions should not be tagged as “no follow” links. This gives value and meaning to featured (sponsored) & reciprocal links, while controlling the amount of links indexed by search engines to a reasonable number.- In a quality directory, do not fear a “no follow” on your free submission. A good directory brings in targeted traffic, and though you may be missing out on that back link, there is still a lot of potential for increasing traffic.5. Reviews, Marketing, & Promotion- Search around for reviews and recommendations on web directories. There are some really good resources when it comes to choosing quality directories.- A web directory should be marketed to both webmasters & internet surfers. If a directory only attracts webmasters, what kind of web traffic is it likely to bring? Look into how the web directory is promoted and marketed.
These 5 guidelines can help you distinguish between low quality link farms and high quality, effective web directories. I hope this information helps you in your website’s marketing and promotion campaign, in terms of website directory submission.Teal Reid, SYC Automotive Directory Administrator

How To Start A Photography Business – Knowing When You’re Really Ready And Knowing Other Differences

Here’s a question: How do you know when you’re ready to start a photography business? Answer: When you ‘know’ that you ‘know’ (the doublespeak is for emphasis) the difference between your artistic photography skills and your understanding of business. Knowing the difference makes the difference between success and failure when you start any type of business, for that matter.Tip #1Think about it, the art of taking pictures is getting easier and easier – especially with the advancement of technology. Digital technology has made photography so easy that it appears that everybody and their brothers and their sisters are photographers! Such ease makes photography a very popular attraction and very compelling to start a photo biz.But, what many budding photographers fail to realize and take seriously is that: Business is Business. Whether selling teddy bears, cell phones or photography, the business principles are the same. And they are basic and simple (not easy – simple). Successful photographers aren’t necessarily the most skilled. They understand and practice the basic and simple principles of running a photography business. They also don’t confuse the quality of their photography with the need to plan, market and operate their photography business.Don’t be confused! You must consistently produce top-notch quality products and photographic services. Constantly improving your skills is critical. So is the learning and consistent practice of business principles. If you don’t consistently practice the necessary business principles, budding photographers that do know the difference and practice the principles will get the customers and the business that should be yours. If you fail to practice the principles you will fail at your photography business attempts. Period. You will be another charter member of the ‘starving artist’ club! There’s a reason why they’re ‘starving!’

Once you do start a picture-taking business, every day that you’re in business there’s opportunity to grow and prosper, and the chance to stagnate and fail. Your being clear on the difference between photography practices and business practices determine the success of your photography business more than your photographic skills and talents. Be sure to spend as much time developing your photography skills as you do your business (marketing, self-promotion activities, for example) skills and you will find success.Compliment vs Reality – Tip #2Most budding photographers have this experience: a good friend, family member or neighbor sees a photograph and ‘raves’ how good it looks and how ‘valuable’ it ‘should’ be! Somewhere in their raving they proclaim, “you should sell that, you’ll probably make a lot of money!” Red flag warning! What is given as a compliment of your photograph is instantly translated to your having a “diamond” that you can sell and that will change your ‘status’ in life. Here’s a test: the next time you receive such a ‘compliment,’ do this: thank them and then ask them how much are they willing to pay you for the photo? I promise you that the same ‘expert’ that just raved about your valuable artwork will pass on the ‘opportunity’ to grab up your ‘valuable’ artistic photo. In the photography business value is determined by other criteria than a compliment or two. Knowing the difference contributes to your success in business.Develop your knowledge and skill and your confidence as a photographer will dramatically increase. Likewise with business: develop and practice basic business principles and your confidence as a successful professional photographer will dramatically increase. I promise.Research Builds Confidence – Tip #3Do your research. Go online and read the available research on the business of photography. Read before you buy. Online research is just a click away. Take your time. Take advantage of free and easily available information online. If you choose to buy something offered, determine what goals you want to accomplish and ask yourself will what you’re buying help you to really meet your goals. Avoid the resources that promise and guarantee you that you can make $200 – $300 a day overnight – for obvious reasons. Also, there are no “secrets that the pros don’t want you to know!” There is information that you do not know now. But, isn’t information that is unknowable or impossible to find out – they’re just unknown to you at this time. Do your research. Besides, if they’re for sale, how “secret” can they be? Do your researchIn the business of photography, it is more profitable to specialize. Specialization (also referred to as your “photography niche”) is how your customers will find you. Another development of technology is how customers – those who can afford and are willing to spend money for photography – find the photography that they buy. They look for something specific (in photographer speak that means “photography niche”). Go online and do a search on “photography niche” and take advantage of the information available. Remember, read before you buy; there are no “secrets that the pros don’t want you to know;” and great photography does not sell itself. In the world of business, nothing does.For business purposes, go online and do a search on different business topics that you want more information about. For example, do a search for “photography marketing” or “marketing for photographers” or “amateur photography tips” or “how to sell photos online” or “how to start a photography business” etc. etc. Read before you buy.Know And Start Where You Are And Be ‘Sincere’ – Tip #4

Start where you are with the equipment that you have. If you don’t have a photography studio don’t take on photography jobs that require a studio. Don’t be all things to all people – remember, specialize (research “photography niche” – you’ll be head and shoulders above the majority of your competition). If you feel that you have to purchase equipment to take on a job – that’s a red flag that you’re not ready, yet. In successful photography, the profit is in the “photography niche” and your understanding of that simple difference.Doing your research will prepare you for one of the biggest challenges most photographers have – pricing. The challenge of knowing exactly what to charge stops most of us in our tracks. It shouldn’t! Do your research. Search “photography pricing,” for example. The information is available and most of it is free. Remember, read before you buy.In my opinion, there really is no one criteria needed to start a profitable photo business. However, my experience has convinced me that self-confidence is the most significant asset a photographer in business can possess. You develop that self-confidence by knowing what you know and knowing what you don’t know – and being crystal clear on the difference. Confidence is gained by knowing the necessary criteria needed and knowing that you possess the knowledge and skills to consistently accomplish tasks in a satisfactory manner.Research, develop and practice both your photography knowledge and skills as well as your photography business knowledge and skills.Finally, when vaudevillian, George Burns, was asked what was the secret to his successful career, he responded – “sincerity, be sincere – even if you have to fake it!”